Human -Wildlife Conflicts: Nature, extent and mitigation strategies in MBOMIPA Wildlife Management Area, Tanzania.

Andrew Kiptum, Chris Saina, J. Meli


Kitchen gardening (KG) is increasingly becoming popular due to the worsening economic conditions, increased interest in the use of organic manures, soil degradation, diseases and the need to supplement the family's diet using garden products. The study considered the social-economic and health impacts of Kitchen Gardens and their role in environmental conservation in the Tea Estates in Nandi Tea Estate Company. Primary data were obtained from structured questionnaires, interviews with key informants and observations. Secondary data was obtained from company’s health facility. Multi-stage approach was used in village selection and systematic simple random sampling technique was used in identifying sampled household. Excel and SPSS statistical package were used for data analysis. The results showed that 82% of solid wastes generated are organic, whereas 18% are inorganic wastes. Above 70% of waste water generated from the kitchen was used to irrigate the vegetable gardens. Also, the results show great reduction in prevalent of Malaria, Diarrheal, Anaemia and Malnutrition in the proportion of 42%, 64%, 94% and 88% respectively. Furthermore, socio-economic variables studied were found to have significant influence in adoption of the kitchen garden policy. The study concluded that KG had a positive impact on the health of the sampled population and led to improved living standards. Adoption of KG by household also enabled the conservation of environment. Based on the findings, the study recommends adoption of KG so as to improve the living standards of people living in densely populated zones with small farms. Suggestion for further research is also given.


Kitchen Garden, Diseases, Inorganic Waste; Organic Waste; Vegetables

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